The Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone, might get swollen from repeated stress. This problem, known as Achilles tendinitis, is common among middle-aged weekend athletes, specifically runners. Self-care and in-home nursing might help, but for more acute cases, surgery may be necessary.
Read on to learn more.
What Are the Various Therapies for Achilles Tendonitis?
Below are several effective therapies available to help deal with symptoms of Achilles Tendonitis and support recovery.
1. Heat and Ice Therapy
Ice and heat help treat and manage Achilles tendonitis. Ice can reduce inflammation and be an effective pain reliever, while heat can promote blood supply and healing. Wrapping an ice pack/hot water bottle in a towel and applying it for 20 minutes per hour is essential. Frequently examine the skin for any indications of irritation or burning. Do not use ice if you have an inadequate sensation at the application site, an infected wound, or cryoglobulinemia.
2. Physical Therapy and Stretching
Physical therapy in a foot clinic like Feet In Motion can enhance the muscles surrounding the Achilles tendon, decreasing stress on the tendon. Stretching workouts can also aid in enhancing flexibility and minimizing stress in the tendon, minimizing pain, and avoiding more injury. Below are the steps in a regular physical therapy program:
- Place the heel of the injured foot on the floor while sitting in a chair.
- Reach down and grab your big toe with your hand, then pull it up and back (from the floor and towards the direction of your ankle).
- Stay in that position for 15 to 30 seconds.
- Do up to 5 times daily, preferably 2–4 times each session.
3. Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
NSAIDs are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines that are used to treat inflammation and discomfort. These medicines protect against the synthesis of prostaglandins, which cause swelling and pain in the affected region. NSAIDs may be used orally or topically as creams or gels. However, seeing a healthcare expert before taking any medicine is necessary to ensure the most effective dosage and avoid adverse effects.
4. Orthotics, Compression Stockings, and Shoe Modifications
- Orthotics: They can support the foot and ankle, which can help reduce pressure on the Achilles tendon.
- Shoe Modification: Specialized footwear, like a heel lift or shoes with a higher heel-to-toe drop, can likewise aid in relieving symptoms by reducing stress on the tendon.
- Compression Feet Stockings: They’re designed to provide pressure to your lower legs, helping to manage blood flow and reducing pain and swelling to promote recovery.
With the appropriate footwear and restorative arch support, Achilles Tendonitis and foot biomechanics issues like a collapsed or flat arch can be dealt with successfully.
5. Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (ESWT)
Achilles tendonitis might be treated non-invasively utilizing extracorporeal shockwave treatment (ESWT). High-energy sound waves promote recovery and reduce pain in the affected region. ESWT is a sensible therapy selection for people with Achilles tendonitis since it is valuable in symptom relief and tissue regeneration.
It is necessary to note that ESWT might not be suitable for everyone and talk to a healthcare expert to determine if it is the appropriate therapy selection for you. Furthermore, ESWT may require numerous sessions to accomplish optimum results.
You can visit a foot clinic to learn what services they offer or check them now on their website.
Achilles tendonitis is common in athletes and active people. The longer you wait to address it, the longer it takes to treat it. Neglecting Achilles tendon discomfort can lead to more extreme injuries, such as a ruptured tendon, which may require surgery and more prolonged healing. So, if you have Achilles tendinitis, you must instantly seek clinical assistance and adhere to a suitable therapy strategy.